Introduction to Cannabinoids

There are many cannabinoids (>100) in the cannabis plant such as CBD, CBG, CBN and THC being the most common. CBD and THC are most prominent and THC in the intoxicating cannabinoid existing as THCA (acid) in the cannabis plant. When heated (or decarboxylated) changes to THC.

Here are a few cannabinoids:

1) Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA): is the nonintoxicating cannabidiol, when decarboxylated (heating buds /flowers to, (110 to 125)C in an oven for at least 30-45 minutes will change CBDA acid to cannabidiol (CBD).


2) CBD is the most popular cannabis oil with anti -inflammatory and anti-nausea properties. CBD cannabidiol has three classified products:

Full-Spectrum:

It is normal for a product to contain all existing cannabinoids in a cannabis plant. It is now believed that when all cannabinoids work together “the entourage effect” is created thus forming an effective treatment.
CBD Isolate:

CBD isolate are cannabidiol without any THC content. It has been a very popular product before the “entourage effect” was even discovered.

Broad-Spectrum
Compared to full-spectrum, this type of CBD contains all the existing cannabinoids in cannabis except for THC. However, just like full-spectrum, it’s also capable of causing an entourage effect.


3) Cannabigerol (CBG): Has similar properties to CBD in addition has anti-microbial properties.

4) Cannabinol (CBN): This cannabis oil promotes sleep, stimulates appetite, relieves pain and is antispasmodic.

5) Cannabichromene (CBC): Relieves pain, anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety and anti-microbial

6) Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA): Is nonintoxicating and is known as the (parent) of THC. It is anti-seizure, anti-nausea, anti-spasmodic when used in different ratios with other cannabinoids in different cannabis strains.


(Ref. The Science of CBD Oil, by Gretchen Lidicker):